Vanadium sulfide/reduced graphene oxide composite with enhanced supercapacitance performance

Noordeen Abdul Kalam, Chinnasamy Sengottaiyan, Ramasamy Jayavel, Katsuhiko Ariga, Rekha Goswami Shrestha, Thiyagu Subramani, Sambasivam Sankar, Lok Kumar Shrestha*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Porous metal sulfide/carbon hybrid materials are promising functional composites that are extensively used in high performance supercapacitors. Here, we report electrochemical supercapacitance performance of hierarchical porous vanadium sulfide (V3S4)/reduced graphene oxide (RGO) composite (V3S4/RGO) prepared by hydrothermal method. The as prepared materials were characterized in detail by powder X-ray diffraction, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, Raman scattering, Fourier transformed infrared and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and the coherent growth mechanism was proposed. Porous hierarchical structure of V3S4/RGO composite material offered easy access to the ionic and electronic charge transportation and showed better electrochemical performance compared to the individual components. Specific capacitance of V3S4/RGO was found to be 520 F/g at a current density of 1 A/g with outstanding cyclic stability retaining 99.6% capacitance after 2000 charge–discharge cycles at 10 A/g. Cyclic voltammetry showed reversibility in current response both in cathodic and anodic scan and specific capacitance was found to be 500 F/g at a scan rate of 5 mV/s. These results strongly suggest that V3S4/RGO composite materials with hierarchical porous structure would be an excellent electrode material for supercapacitor applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-79
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers
Volume92
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Nov
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hierarchical porous sheet
  • Hydrothermal reaction
  • Reduced graphene oxide
  • Supercapacitor
  • VS phase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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