As far as early 1990s, Japanese manufacturing industry drove the whole international market thanks to its mightytechnical capabilities and management techniques (mainly the automotive, electrical and other export-oriented industries). Especially by the use of IE, QC, VE and other effective management techniques for improvement and total cost management, it's capable of providing high-quality products at reasonable prices in the international market. However in the 20 years so far, it enters the sudden growth halt period. Especially in the modular products manufacturing industry (mainlyelectrical apparatuses), it got into hot water at the quickened pace of developing country enterprises, e.g. Samsung in South Korea and Hon Hai of Taiwan. This paperanalyzes the characteristics of Japanese manufacturing industry in itsperiod of growth (defined as years 1960 - 1990) and 20 years of stagnationperiod thereafter, discloses the strengths and weaknesses of Japanese manufacturing industry, discussesthe direction of Chinese enterprises in the future through analyzing the results. In this study, the author will explicitly express the essentiality of active introduction of management techniques for the development of Chinese manufacturing industry utilizing the survey report on Japanese X Railway Company's implementation of the management techniques.