VLBI monitoring of 3C 84 (NGC 1275) in early phase of the 2005 outburst

Hiroshi Nagai*, Kenta Suzuki, Keiichi Asada, Motoki Kino, Seiji Kameno, Akihiro Doi, Makoto Inoue, Jun Kataoka, Uwe Bach, Tomoya Hirota, Naoko Matsumoto, Mareki Honma, Hideyuki Kobayashi, Kenta Fujisawa

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Citations (Scopus)


Multi-epoch Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) study of a sub-pc scale jet of 3C 84 is presented. We carried out 14-epoch VLBI observations during 2006-2009 with the Japanese VLBI Network and the VLBI Exploration of Radio Astrometry, immediately following a radio outburst that began in 2005. We confirmed that the outburst was associated with the central &tild; 1 pc core, accompanying the emergence of a new component. This is striking evidence of the recurrence of jet activity. The new component became brighter during 2008, in contrast to constant γ-ray emission that was observed with the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope during the same time. We found that the projected speed of the new component was 0.23 c from 2007/297 (2007 October 24) to 2009/114 (2009 April 24). The direction of movement of this component differs from that of the pre-existing component by &tild;40°. This was the first measurement of the kinematics of a sub-pc jet in a γ-ray active phase. A possible detection of jet deceleration and the jet kinematics in connection with the γ-ray emission is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)L11-L15
JournalPublications of the Astronomical Society of Japan
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Apr 25


  • Galaxies: active
  • Galaxies: individual (3C 84, NGC 1275)
  • Galaxies: jets
  • Radio continuum: galaxies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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