VLT narrow-band photometry in the Lyman continuum of two galaxies at z ∼ 3* limits to the escape of ionizing flux

A. K. Inoue, I. Iwata, J. M. Deharveng, V. Buat, D. Burgarella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have performed narrow-band imaging observations with the Very Large Telescope, aimed at detecting the Lyman continuum (LC) flux escaping from galaxies at z ∼ 3. We do not find any significant LC flux from our sample of two galaxies in the Hubble Deep Field South, at z = 3.170 and 3.275. The corresponding lower limits on the F1400/F900 flux density (per Hz) ratio are 15.6 and 10.2 (3-σ confidence level). After correction for the intergalactic hydrogen absorption, the resulting limits on the relative escape fraction of the LC are compared with those obtained by different approaches, at similar or lower redshifts. One of our two objects has a relative escape fraction lower than the detection reported by Steidel et al. in a composite spectrum of z ∼ 3 galaxies. A larger number of objects is required to reach a significant conclusion. Our comparison shows the potential of narrow-band imaging for obtaining the best limit on the relative escape fraction at z ∼ 3. Stacking a significant number of galaxies observed through a narrow-band filter would provide constraint on the galactic contribution to the cosmic reionization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)471-482
Number of pages12
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume435
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 May
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cosmology: observations
  • Diffuse radiation - intergalactic medium
  • Galaxies: photometry
  • Ultraviolet: galaxies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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