Void fraction (i.e., the volume fraction occupied by gas) is a key parameter for determining the coolability and neutron-moderating performance of a water-cooled nuclear reactor. To develop computational multi-fluid dynamics models for determining the void-fraction distribution, experimental data of comparable quality are required. We have developed a high-energy X-ray computed tomography (CT) system to acquire three-dimensional void-fraction distributions. The CT system comprises a linear-accelerator-driven high-energy X-ray source and a linear detector array. We quantified a boiling two-phase flow in a 5 × 5 heated rod bundle at high pressure, simulating a fuel-rod bundle in a boiling water reactor (BWR). Because the axial travel of the CT system is 4 m and includes the entire BWR fuel-rod bundle, we optimized the CT imaging conditions and reconstruction method for rod-bundle visualization to reduce uncertainties due to density fluctuations in the boiling flow and imaging artifacts. We conducted a boiling experiment at a low flow rate and low thermal power and acquired three-dimensional distributions of the void fraction over a wide pressure range of 0.1–7.2 MPa. The experiment provided three-dimensional void-fraction distributions with high spatial resolution, especially in subchannel regions surrounded by rods, and the results are suitable for validating three-dimensional thermal-hydraulic analysis codes.
|Journal||Flow Measurement and Instrumentation|
|Publication status||Published - 2019 Oct|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Modelling and Simulation
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering