Were tanged points mechanically delivered armatures? Functional and morphometric analyses of tanged points from an Upper Paleolithic site at Jingeuneul, Korea

Gi Kil Lee, Katsuhiro Sano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A total of 99 tanged points have been unearthed from the Jingeuneul site in Jinan-gun, Korea. The exceptionally large number of tanged points suggests a specific site function at this location. Even though the tanged point is one of the representative tool types for Korean Upper Paleolithic assemblages, the function of this tool is not well known because no systematic use-wear analyses have yet been undertaken. Here, we conduct a use-wear analysis of 95 tanged points from the Jingeuneul site. The use-wear analysis reveals that a considerable number of the tanged points show diagnostic impact fractures (DIFs). Because a large number of the tanged points appear to have been used as hunting weapons, a morphometric analysis is also undertaken to examine the potential projectile capability of the tanged points with DIFs. The large dimension of the DIFs and the complex fracture pattern of the tanged points, as well as the small morphometric values of the tip cross-sectional area, tip cross-sectional perimeter, and neck width of the tanged points, all suggest that the tanged points from the Jingeuneul site were mechanically propelled using a spear-thrower or a bow.

Original languageEnglish
JournalArchaeological and Anthropological Sciences
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2018 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Korea
diagnostic
weapon
Morphometrics
Upper Paleolithic
Values
Diagnostics
Use-wear Analysis

Keywords

  • Korea
  • Mechanically delivered armatures
  • Tanged points
  • Upper Paleolithic
  • Use-wear analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • Anthropology
  • Archaeology

Cite this

@article{e07f3d4331bc46708c1ce5c699c11bfa,
title = "Were tanged points mechanically delivered armatures? Functional and morphometric analyses of tanged points from an Upper Paleolithic site at Jingeuneul, Korea",
abstract = "A total of 99 tanged points have been unearthed from the Jingeuneul site in Jinan-gun, Korea. The exceptionally large number of tanged points suggests a specific site function at this location. Even though the tanged point is one of the representative tool types for Korean Upper Paleolithic assemblages, the function of this tool is not well known because no systematic use-wear analyses have yet been undertaken. Here, we conduct a use-wear analysis of 95 tanged points from the Jingeuneul site. The use-wear analysis reveals that a considerable number of the tanged points show diagnostic impact fractures (DIFs). Because a large number of the tanged points appear to have been used as hunting weapons, a morphometric analysis is also undertaken to examine the potential projectile capability of the tanged points with DIFs. The large dimension of the DIFs and the complex fracture pattern of the tanged points, as well as the small morphometric values of the tip cross-sectional area, tip cross-sectional perimeter, and neck width of the tanged points, all suggest that the tanged points from the Jingeuneul site were mechanically propelled using a spear-thrower or a bow.",
keywords = "Korea, Mechanically delivered armatures, Tanged points, Upper Paleolithic, Use-wear analysis",
author = "Lee, {Gi Kil} and Katsuhiro Sano",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s12520-018-0703-x",
language = "English",
journal = "Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences",
issn = "1866-9557",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Were tanged points mechanically delivered armatures? Functional and morphometric analyses of tanged points from an Upper Paleolithic site at Jingeuneul, Korea

AU - Lee, Gi Kil

AU - Sano, Katsuhiro

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - A total of 99 tanged points have been unearthed from the Jingeuneul site in Jinan-gun, Korea. The exceptionally large number of tanged points suggests a specific site function at this location. Even though the tanged point is one of the representative tool types for Korean Upper Paleolithic assemblages, the function of this tool is not well known because no systematic use-wear analyses have yet been undertaken. Here, we conduct a use-wear analysis of 95 tanged points from the Jingeuneul site. The use-wear analysis reveals that a considerable number of the tanged points show diagnostic impact fractures (DIFs). Because a large number of the tanged points appear to have been used as hunting weapons, a morphometric analysis is also undertaken to examine the potential projectile capability of the tanged points with DIFs. The large dimension of the DIFs and the complex fracture pattern of the tanged points, as well as the small morphometric values of the tip cross-sectional area, tip cross-sectional perimeter, and neck width of the tanged points, all suggest that the tanged points from the Jingeuneul site were mechanically propelled using a spear-thrower or a bow.

AB - A total of 99 tanged points have been unearthed from the Jingeuneul site in Jinan-gun, Korea. The exceptionally large number of tanged points suggests a specific site function at this location. Even though the tanged point is one of the representative tool types for Korean Upper Paleolithic assemblages, the function of this tool is not well known because no systematic use-wear analyses have yet been undertaken. Here, we conduct a use-wear analysis of 95 tanged points from the Jingeuneul site. The use-wear analysis reveals that a considerable number of the tanged points show diagnostic impact fractures (DIFs). Because a large number of the tanged points appear to have been used as hunting weapons, a morphometric analysis is also undertaken to examine the potential projectile capability of the tanged points with DIFs. The large dimension of the DIFs and the complex fracture pattern of the tanged points, as well as the small morphometric values of the tip cross-sectional area, tip cross-sectional perimeter, and neck width of the tanged points, all suggest that the tanged points from the Jingeuneul site were mechanically propelled using a spear-thrower or a bow.

KW - Korea

KW - Mechanically delivered armatures

KW - Tanged points

KW - Upper Paleolithic

KW - Use-wear analysis

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85053639859&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85053639859&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s12520-018-0703-x

DO - 10.1007/s12520-018-0703-x

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85053639859

JO - Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences

JF - Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences

SN - 1866-9557

ER -