Wetting behavior of a liquid film on an internally-cooled desiccant contactor

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    12 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Heat and mass transfer processes performed by using thin liquid films are recurrent in a series of technical applications. The circumstances under which dry spots appear on the exchange surface for the film breakage, as well as the extent of the wetted part of the surface and the liquid-vapor interface, are critical to predict and control the performances of these devices. To characterize the wetting behavior of liquid films on internally-cooled desiccant contactors, this paper originates from an experimental study and, adopting a standpoint useful for a practical interpretation of wettability measurements, introduces a corresponding theoretical model based on the principle of minimum energy. Both the estimation of the wetted area by image processing of the test section and the theoretical model highlight a hysteresis phenomenon of the film wetting behavior for gradually increasing and decreasing liquid flowrates. The modeling approach, experimental results and a first comparison are hereby presented and discussed. Quantitative and qualitative agreement appears promising for a further employment of the model in actual system design and control.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)958-969
    Number of pages12
    JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
    Volume101
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016 Oct 1

    Fingerprint

    Hygroscopic Agents
    desiccants
    contactors
    Liquid films
    wetting
    Wetting
    liquids
    Liquids
    liquid-vapor interfaces
    Hysteresis
    Image processing
    Mass transfer
    wettability
    Systems analysis
    Vapors
    systems engineering
    Heat transfer
    mass transfer
    image processing
    Thin films

    Keywords

    • Energy minimization
    • Hysteresis
    • Internally-cooled contactor
    • Liquid desiccant
    • Wetting behavior

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Mechanical Engineering
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

    Cite this

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    title = "Wetting behavior of a liquid film on an internally-cooled desiccant contactor",
    abstract = "Heat and mass transfer processes performed by using thin liquid films are recurrent in a series of technical applications. The circumstances under which dry spots appear on the exchange surface for the film breakage, as well as the extent of the wetted part of the surface and the liquid-vapor interface, are critical to predict and control the performances of these devices. To characterize the wetting behavior of liquid films on internally-cooled desiccant contactors, this paper originates from an experimental study and, adopting a standpoint useful for a practical interpretation of wettability measurements, introduces a corresponding theoretical model based on the principle of minimum energy. Both the estimation of the wetted area by image processing of the test section and the theoretical model highlight a hysteresis phenomenon of the film wetting behavior for gradually increasing and decreasing liquid flowrates. The modeling approach, experimental results and a first comparison are hereby presented and discussed. Quantitative and qualitative agreement appears promising for a further employment of the model in actual system design and control.",
    keywords = "Energy minimization, Hysteresis, Internally-cooled contactor, Liquid desiccant, Wetting behavior",
    author = "Niccolo Giannetti and Seiichi Yamaguchi and Kiyoshi Saito",
    year = "2016",
    month = "10",
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    doi = "10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2016.05.128",
    language = "English",
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    journal = "International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer",
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    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Wetting behavior of a liquid film on an internally-cooled desiccant contactor

    AU - Giannetti, Niccolo

    AU - Yamaguchi, Seiichi

    AU - Saito, Kiyoshi

    PY - 2016/10/1

    Y1 - 2016/10/1

    N2 - Heat and mass transfer processes performed by using thin liquid films are recurrent in a series of technical applications. The circumstances under which dry spots appear on the exchange surface for the film breakage, as well as the extent of the wetted part of the surface and the liquid-vapor interface, are critical to predict and control the performances of these devices. To characterize the wetting behavior of liquid films on internally-cooled desiccant contactors, this paper originates from an experimental study and, adopting a standpoint useful for a practical interpretation of wettability measurements, introduces a corresponding theoretical model based on the principle of minimum energy. Both the estimation of the wetted area by image processing of the test section and the theoretical model highlight a hysteresis phenomenon of the film wetting behavior for gradually increasing and decreasing liquid flowrates. The modeling approach, experimental results and a first comparison are hereby presented and discussed. Quantitative and qualitative agreement appears promising for a further employment of the model in actual system design and control.

    AB - Heat and mass transfer processes performed by using thin liquid films are recurrent in a series of technical applications. The circumstances under which dry spots appear on the exchange surface for the film breakage, as well as the extent of the wetted part of the surface and the liquid-vapor interface, are critical to predict and control the performances of these devices. To characterize the wetting behavior of liquid films on internally-cooled desiccant contactors, this paper originates from an experimental study and, adopting a standpoint useful for a practical interpretation of wettability measurements, introduces a corresponding theoretical model based on the principle of minimum energy. Both the estimation of the wetted area by image processing of the test section and the theoretical model highlight a hysteresis phenomenon of the film wetting behavior for gradually increasing and decreasing liquid flowrates. The modeling approach, experimental results and a first comparison are hereby presented and discussed. Quantitative and qualitative agreement appears promising for a further employment of the model in actual system design and control.

    KW - Energy minimization

    KW - Hysteresis

    KW - Internally-cooled contactor

    KW - Liquid desiccant

    KW - Wetting behavior

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    JO - International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer

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