What is minimal model of 3He adsorbed on graphite? - Importance of density fluctuations in 4/7 registered solid

Shinji Watanabe, Masatoshi Imada

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10 Citations (Scopus)


We show theoretically that the second layer of 3He adsorbed on graphite and solidified at 4/7 of the first-layer density is close to the fluid-solid boundary with substantial density fluctuations on the third layer. The solid shows a translational symmetry breaking as in charge-ordered insulators of electronic systems. We construct a minimal model beyond the multiple-exchange Heisenberg model. An unexpectedly large magnetic field required for the measured saturation of magnetization is well explained by the density fluctuations. The emergence of quantum spin liquid is understood from the same mechanism as in the Hubbard model and in κ-(ET) 2Cu 2(CN) 3 near the Mott transitions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113603
JournalJournal of the Physical Society of Japan
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Nov 1
Externally publishedYes



  • 4/7 phase
  • He
  • Charge order
  • Mott insulator
  • Quantum spin liquid
  • Saturation field

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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