What kinds of factors affect the academic outcomes of university students with mental disorders? A retrospective study based on medical records

Terumi Ishii, Hirokazu Tachikawa, Yuki Shiratori, Takafumi Hori, Miyuki Aiba, Keisuke Kuga, Tetsuaki Arai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims University students that suffer from mental disorders seem to have difficulty graduating. Therefore, we investigated risk and protective factors of dropping out with the aim of improving such students’ academic outcomes. Methods First, we statistically compared the academic outcomes of 203 undergraduate students who received treatment in the Department of Psychiatry of the Tsukuba University Health Center to those of matched controls. Second, clinical factors of 370 mentally ill students were statistically compared between the dropout and graduate groups. Results Mentally ill students experienced significantly greater difficulties graduating. Furthermore, the ratio of females and the year of study at initial consultation were significantly lower in the dropout group. However, duration of illness, social withdrawal, temporary leaves of absence, percentage of diagnosis of F2, history of truancy, CGI-S/GI score, number of suicide attempts, visits to us, family consultations with us and grade repeating were longer or greater in the dropout group. Ultimately, the number of suicide attempts, CGI-S score, social withdrawal and leaves of absence were significantly associated with dropping out. Moreover, duration of social withdrawal and leaves of absence were significantly correlated with CGI-GI score. Conclusion We found that the number of suicide attempts, CGI-S score, social withdrawal and extended enrollment were risk factors for dropping out, while the therapeutic effect seemed to be a protective factor. As risk factors involved states of social maladjustment, it is necessary not only to treat mental disorders, but also to provide assistance such as educational and individual support for daily living.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-72
Number of pages6
JournalAsian Journal of Psychiatry
Volume32
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Mental Disorders
Medical Records
Retrospective Studies
Students
Suicide
Mentally Ill Persons
Referral and Consultation
Therapeutic Uses
Psychiatry
Health
Protective Factors
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Academic outcome
  • Grade repeating/temporary leave of absence
  • Medical record
  • Mental disorder
  • Social withdrawal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

What kinds of factors affect the academic outcomes of university students with mental disorders? A retrospective study based on medical records. / Ishii, Terumi; Tachikawa, Hirokazu; Shiratori, Yuki; Hori, Takafumi; Aiba, Miyuki; Kuga, Keisuke; Arai, Tetsuaki.

In: Asian Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 32, 01.02.2018, p. 67-72.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ishii, Terumi ; Tachikawa, Hirokazu ; Shiratori, Yuki ; Hori, Takafumi ; Aiba, Miyuki ; Kuga, Keisuke ; Arai, Tetsuaki. / What kinds of factors affect the academic outcomes of university students with mental disorders? A retrospective study based on medical records. In: Asian Journal of Psychiatry. 2018 ; Vol. 32. pp. 67-72.
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