What “Tears” Remind Us of: An Investigation of Embodied Cognition and Schizotypal Personality Trait Using Pencil and Teardrop Glasses

Yu Liang, Kazuma Shimokawa, Shigeo Yoshida, Eriko Sugimori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Facial expressions influence our experience and perception of emotions—they not only tell other people what we are feeling but also might tell us what to feel via sensory feedback. We conducted three experiments to investigate the interaction between facial feedback phenomena and different environmental stimuli, by asking participants to remember emotional autobiographical memories. Moreover, we examined how people with schizotypal traits would be affected by their experience of emotional facial simulations. We found that using a directed approach (gripping a pencil with teeth/lips) while remembering a specific autobiographical memory could successfully evoke participants’ positive (e.g., happy and excited)/negative (e.g., angry and sad) emotions (i.e., Experiment 1). When using indirective environmental stimuli (e.g., teardrop glasses), the results of our experiments (i.e., Experiments 2 and 3) investigating facial feedback and the effect of teardrop glasses showed that participants who scored low in schizotypy reported little effect from wearing teardrop glasses, while those with high schizotypy reported a much greater effect in both between- and within-subject conditions. The results are discussed from the perspective of sense of ownership, which people with schizophrenia are believed to have deficits in.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2826
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jan 10

Keywords

  • congruence hypothesis
  • embodied cognition
  • facial feedback
  • schizotypal personality trait
  • schizotypy
  • sense of agency/ownership
  • teardrop glasses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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