Which event properties matter for which cognitive task?

Jean Pierre Koenig, Douglas William Roland, Hongoak Yun, Gail Mauner

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two important questions in the language sciences have been: What portion of event information is accessed and used during sentence processing? What portion of event information is relevant to the grammar of natural languages? An extensive amount of linguistic and psycholinguistic research over the past couple of decades has shown that quite a bit of event information is relevant to online sentence processing, but only a limited amount of information is relevant to the grammars of natural languages. One possible cause for this divergence is that grammar development and language comprehension are carried out by separate systems that are sensitive to different types of information. Another possible explanation is that grammar development and language comprehension are carried out by an integrated system, but the task demands of language learning and the task demands of language comprehension are different. In this chapter, we show that, grammatical systems that seem more “exotic” from the point of view of more well–known languages still make use of a limited set of properties and that these “exotic” languages still obey the same design constraints as more well–known systems; we then briefly report on some computational models of online reading experiments, which demonstrate quite clearly that a distinct and much larger kind of event knowledge is used by the human parser. We propose an explanation for this difference in the use of event knowledge: Grammars and parsers use different kinds of event knowledge because the tasks listeners and grammar learners must perform are quite distinct.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCognitive Science Perspectives on Verb Representation and Processing
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages213-234
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9783319101125
ISBN (Print)9783319101118
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Language
event
grammar
language
Language Development
comprehension
Psycholinguistics
Linguistics
Grammar
psycholinguistics
integrated system
Reading
listener
divergence
Learning
linguistics
Language Comprehension
Research
cause
experiment

Keywords

  • Case marking
  • Conceptual knowledge
  • Ergative
  • Grammar design
  • Hindi
  • Instruments
  • Kin terms
  • Linking
  • Oneida
  • Predictability
  • Semantic similarity
  • Sentence processing
  • Verb meaning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Arts and Humanities(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

Koenig, J. P., Roland, D. W., Yun, H., & Mauner, G. (2015). Which event properties matter for which cognitive task? In Cognitive Science Perspectives on Verb Representation and Processing (pp. 213-234). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-10112-5_10

Which event properties matter for which cognitive task? / Koenig, Jean Pierre; Roland, Douglas William; Yun, Hongoak; Mauner, Gail.

Cognitive Science Perspectives on Verb Representation and Processing. Springer International Publishing, 2015. p. 213-234.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Koenig, JP, Roland, DW, Yun, H & Mauner, G 2015, Which event properties matter for which cognitive task? in Cognitive Science Perspectives on Verb Representation and Processing. Springer International Publishing, pp. 213-234. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-10112-5_10
Koenig JP, Roland DW, Yun H, Mauner G. Which event properties matter for which cognitive task? In Cognitive Science Perspectives on Verb Representation and Processing. Springer International Publishing. 2015. p. 213-234 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-10112-5_10
Koenig, Jean Pierre ; Roland, Douglas William ; Yun, Hongoak ; Mauner, Gail. / Which event properties matter for which cognitive task?. Cognitive Science Perspectives on Verb Representation and Processing. Springer International Publishing, 2015. pp. 213-234
@inbook{2b43f3d2f7964aff9e8c11daa7d2873c,
title = "Which event properties matter for which cognitive task?",
abstract = "Two important questions in the language sciences have been: What portion of event information is accessed and used during sentence processing? What portion of event information is relevant to the grammar of natural languages? An extensive amount of linguistic and psycholinguistic research over the past couple of decades has shown that quite a bit of event information is relevant to online sentence processing, but only a limited amount of information is relevant to the grammars of natural languages. One possible cause for this divergence is that grammar development and language comprehension are carried out by separate systems that are sensitive to different types of information. Another possible explanation is that grammar development and language comprehension are carried out by an integrated system, but the task demands of language learning and the task demands of language comprehension are different. In this chapter, we show that, grammatical systems that seem more “exotic” from the point of view of more well–known languages still make use of a limited set of properties and that these “exotic” languages still obey the same design constraints as more well–known systems; we then briefly report on some computational models of online reading experiments, which demonstrate quite clearly that a distinct and much larger kind of event knowledge is used by the human parser. We propose an explanation for this difference in the use of event knowledge: Grammars and parsers use different kinds of event knowledge because the tasks listeners and grammar learners must perform are quite distinct.",
keywords = "Case marking, Conceptual knowledge, Ergative, Grammar design, Hindi, Instruments, Kin terms, Linking, Oneida, Predictability, Semantic similarity, Sentence processing, Verb meaning",
author = "Koenig, {Jean Pierre} and Roland, {Douglas William} and Hongoak Yun and Gail Mauner",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/978-3-319-10112-5_10",
language = "English",
isbn = "9783319101118",
pages = "213--234",
booktitle = "Cognitive Science Perspectives on Verb Representation and Processing",
publisher = "Springer International Publishing",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Which event properties matter for which cognitive task?

AU - Koenig, Jean Pierre

AU - Roland, Douglas William

AU - Yun, Hongoak

AU - Mauner, Gail

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - Two important questions in the language sciences have been: What portion of event information is accessed and used during sentence processing? What portion of event information is relevant to the grammar of natural languages? An extensive amount of linguistic and psycholinguistic research over the past couple of decades has shown that quite a bit of event information is relevant to online sentence processing, but only a limited amount of information is relevant to the grammars of natural languages. One possible cause for this divergence is that grammar development and language comprehension are carried out by separate systems that are sensitive to different types of information. Another possible explanation is that grammar development and language comprehension are carried out by an integrated system, but the task demands of language learning and the task demands of language comprehension are different. In this chapter, we show that, grammatical systems that seem more “exotic” from the point of view of more well–known languages still make use of a limited set of properties and that these “exotic” languages still obey the same design constraints as more well–known systems; we then briefly report on some computational models of online reading experiments, which demonstrate quite clearly that a distinct and much larger kind of event knowledge is used by the human parser. We propose an explanation for this difference in the use of event knowledge: Grammars and parsers use different kinds of event knowledge because the tasks listeners and grammar learners must perform are quite distinct.

AB - Two important questions in the language sciences have been: What portion of event information is accessed and used during sentence processing? What portion of event information is relevant to the grammar of natural languages? An extensive amount of linguistic and psycholinguistic research over the past couple of decades has shown that quite a bit of event information is relevant to online sentence processing, but only a limited amount of information is relevant to the grammars of natural languages. One possible cause for this divergence is that grammar development and language comprehension are carried out by separate systems that are sensitive to different types of information. Another possible explanation is that grammar development and language comprehension are carried out by an integrated system, but the task demands of language learning and the task demands of language comprehension are different. In this chapter, we show that, grammatical systems that seem more “exotic” from the point of view of more well–known languages still make use of a limited set of properties and that these “exotic” languages still obey the same design constraints as more well–known systems; we then briefly report on some computational models of online reading experiments, which demonstrate quite clearly that a distinct and much larger kind of event knowledge is used by the human parser. We propose an explanation for this difference in the use of event knowledge: Grammars and parsers use different kinds of event knowledge because the tasks listeners and grammar learners must perform are quite distinct.

KW - Case marking

KW - Conceptual knowledge

KW - Ergative

KW - Grammar design

KW - Hindi

KW - Instruments

KW - Kin terms

KW - Linking

KW - Oneida

KW - Predictability

KW - Semantic similarity

KW - Sentence processing

KW - Verb meaning

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84945125417&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84945125417&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-319-10112-5_10

DO - 10.1007/978-3-319-10112-5_10

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9783319101118

SP - 213

EP - 234

BT - Cognitive Science Perspectives on Verb Representation and Processing

PB - Springer International Publishing

ER -