Word reading efficiency, text reading fluency, and reading comprehension among Chinese learners of English

Xiangying Jiang, Yasuyo Sawaki, John Sabatini

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    7 Citations (Scopus)


    This study examined the relationship among word reading efficiency, text reading fluency, and reading comprehension for adult English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners. Data from 185 adult Chinese EFL learners preparing to take the Test-of-English-as-a-Foreign-Language™(TOEFL®) were analyzed in this study. The participants completed a computer-based test battery of word reading efficiency and text reading fluency in addition to TOEFL iBT (Internet-Based Test) reading comprehension. The findings showed a stronger relationship between text oral reading fluency and reading comprehension than between word reading efficiency and reading comprehension. The authors recommended that attention be paid to text oral reading fluency in adult EFL reading research and instruction.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)323-349
    Number of pages27
    JournalReading Psychology
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2012


    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Developmental and Educational Psychology
    • Linguistics and Language
    • Education

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