Wrist and finger motor representations embedded in the cerebral and cerebellar resting-state activation

Toshiki Kusano, Hiroki Kurashige, Isao Nambu, Yoshiya Moriguchi, Takashi Hanakawa, Yasuhiro Wada, Rieko Osu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Several functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies have demonstrated that resting-state brain activity consists of multiple components, each corresponding to the spatial pattern of brain activity induced by performing a task. Especially in a movement task, such components have been shown to correspond to the brain activity pattern of the relevant anatomical region, meaning that the voxels of pattern that are cooperatively activated while using a body part (e.g., foot, hand, and tongue) also behave cooperatively in the resting state. However, it is unclear whether the components involved in resting-state brain activity correspond to those induced by the movement of discrete body parts. To address this issue, in the present study, we focused on wrist and finger movements in the hand, and a cross-decoding technique trained to discriminate between the multi-voxel patterns induced by wrist and finger movement was applied to the resting-state fMRI. We found that the multi-voxel pattern in resting-state brain activity corresponds to either wrist or finger movements in the motor-related areas of each hemisphere of the cerebrum and cerebellum. These results suggest that resting-state brain activity in the motor-related areas consists of the components corresponding to the elementary movements of individual body parts. Therefore, the resting-state brain activity possibly has a finer structure than considered previously.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2307-2319
Number of pages13
JournalBrain Structure and Function
Volume226
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Sep

Keywords

  • Cerebellum
  • Cross-decoding
  • fMRI
  • Resting state
  • Sensorimotor cortex
  • Somatotopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Histology

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