Xeroderma pigmentosum group a suppresses mutagenesis caused by clustered oxidative DNA adducts in the human genome

Akira Sassa, Nagisa Kamoshita, Yuki Kanemaru, Masamitsu Honma, Manabu Yasui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Clustered DNA damage is defined as multiple sites of DNA damage within one or two helical turns of the duplex DNA. This complex damage is often formed by exposure of the genome to ionizing radiation and is difficult to repair. The mutagenic potential and repair mechanisms of clustered DNA damage in human cells remain to be elucidated. In this study, we investigated the involvement of nucleotide excision repair (NER) in clustered oxidative DNA adducts. To identify the in vivo protective roles of NER, we established a human cell line lacking the NER gene xeroderma pigmentosum group A (XPA). XPA knockout (KO) cells were generated fromTSCER122 cells derived from the human lymphoblastoid TK6 cell line. To analyze the mutagenic events in DNA adducts in vivo, we previously employed a system of tracing DNA adducts in the targeted mutagenesis (TATAM), in which DNA adducts were sitespecifically introduced into intron 4 of thymidine kinase genes. Using the TATAM system, one or two tandem7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG) adducts were introduced into the genomes of TSCER122 or XPA KO cells. In XPA KO cells, the proportion ofmutants induced by a single 8-oxoG (7.6%) was comparable with that in TSCER122 cells (8.1%). In contrast, the lack of XPA significantly enhanced the mutant proportion of tandem8-oxoG in the transcribed strand (12%) compared with that in TSCER122 cells (7.4%) but not in the non-transcribed strand (12% and 11% in XPA KO and TSCER122 cells, respectively). By sequencing the tandem 8-oxoG-integrated loci in the transcribed strand, we found that the proportion of tandem mutations was markedly increased in XPA KO cells. These results indicate that NER is involved in repairing clustered DNA adducts in the transcribed strand in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0142218
JournalPloS one
Volume10
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Nov 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

DNA adducts
Xeroderma Pigmentosum
Mutagenesis
DNA Adducts
Human Genome
mutagenesis
Repair
Genes
genome
Nucleotides
DNA repair
DNA Repair
DNA
Cells
cells
DNA damage
DNA Damage
site-directed mutagenesis
Thymidine Kinase
Ionizing radiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Xeroderma pigmentosum group a suppresses mutagenesis caused by clustered oxidative DNA adducts in the human genome. / Sassa, Akira; Kamoshita, Nagisa; Kanemaru, Yuki; Honma, Masamitsu; Yasui, Manabu.

In: PloS one, Vol. 10, No. 11, e0142218, 01.11.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sassa, Akira ; Kamoshita, Nagisa ; Kanemaru, Yuki ; Honma, Masamitsu ; Yasui, Manabu. / Xeroderma pigmentosum group a suppresses mutagenesis caused by clustered oxidative DNA adducts in the human genome. In: PloS one. 2015 ; Vol. 10, No. 11.
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abstract = "Clustered DNA damage is defined as multiple sites of DNA damage within one or two helical turns of the duplex DNA. This complex damage is often formed by exposure of the genome to ionizing radiation and is difficult to repair. The mutagenic potential and repair mechanisms of clustered DNA damage in human cells remain to be elucidated. In this study, we investigated the involvement of nucleotide excision repair (NER) in clustered oxidative DNA adducts. To identify the in vivo protective roles of NER, we established a human cell line lacking the NER gene xeroderma pigmentosum group A (XPA). XPA knockout (KO) cells were generated fromTSCER122 cells derived from the human lymphoblastoid TK6 cell line. To analyze the mutagenic events in DNA adducts in vivo, we previously employed a system of tracing DNA adducts in the targeted mutagenesis (TATAM), in which DNA adducts were sitespecifically introduced into intron 4 of thymidine kinase genes. Using the TATAM system, one or two tandem7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG) adducts were introduced into the genomes of TSCER122 or XPA KO cells. In XPA KO cells, the proportion ofmutants induced by a single 8-oxoG (7.6{\%}) was comparable with that in TSCER122 cells (8.1{\%}). In contrast, the lack of XPA significantly enhanced the mutant proportion of tandem8-oxoG in the transcribed strand (12{\%}) compared with that in TSCER122 cells (7.4{\%}) but not in the non-transcribed strand (12{\%} and 11{\%} in XPA KO and TSCER122 cells, respectively). By sequencing the tandem 8-oxoG-integrated loci in the transcribed strand, we found that the proportion of tandem mutations was markedly increased in XPA KO cells. These results indicate that NER is involved in repairing clustered DNA adducts in the transcribed strand in vivo.",
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