Your choice could determine your life expectancy: Lifestyle and arterial stiffness

Asako Zempo-Miyaki*, Seiji Maeda

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Increased arterial stiffness is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, and it is well known that aging and obesity promote arterial stiffening. However, several previous reports have indicated that certain lifestyle modifications can decrease arterial stiffness in older and/or obese individuals. Arterial stiffness is determined by dietary pattern, nutritional balance, exercise habits, and other lifestyle factors. Given that arterial stiffness contributes to cardiovascular disease, a major cause of mortality, life expectancy could be determined by one's lifestyle patterns. In the nutritional field, improving the balance between energy intake and expenditure, or satisfying the basal metabolic demands play important roles in decreasing arterial stiffness. From the exercise science field, we know that arterial stiffness can be alleviated by changing exercise habits (pattern, intensity, duration, and frequency). In this review, we introduce recent reports relating to lifestyle habits and arterial stiffness, and review how improving one's lifestyle can help prevent cardiovascular disease. We believe that this information provides an opportunity to commit to a healthier life.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMediterranean Diet and Dietary Therapies
Subtitle of host publicationFood Sources, Role in the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Other Health Benefits
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Pages91-104
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9781604561173
ISBN (Print)9781633219779
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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