We have constructed a 1064 nm deep near-infrared (NIR) excited multichannel Raman microspectrometer using an InP/InGaAsP multichannel detector. This microspectrometer achieves high sensitivity suitable for in vivo measurements of single living cells with lateral resolution of 0.7 μm and depth resolution of 3.1 μm. It has been applied to the structural analysis of living cyanobacterial cells, well-known model organisms for photosynthesis research, which are too photolabile to be measured with visible laser excitation. High signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) Raman spectra have been obtained from carotenoid, chlorophyll a, and phycocyanin in a single living cyanobacterial cell with no appreciable interference from autofluorescence or photodamage. Sub-micrometer mapping of Raman intensities provides clear distribution images of the three pigments inside the cell.
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