The fabrication process and characteristics, including 5-Gb/s transmission, of an integrated light source consisting of a Agl/4-shifted distributed feedback laser and an electroabsorption (EA) modulator are discussed. By introducing a semi-insulating (SI) InP on the butt-joint region, both the large electrical isolation resistance (>10 MΩ) between the laser and the modulator and a high optical coupling efficiency (>80%) between them are achieved. A typical threshold current was 50-70 mA, and single-mode operation at 1.576 μm was maintained up to 5.5-mW output power. The modulation voltage to swing between 90% transmission and 10% transmission was 6.2-12V, depending on the modulator length in the range 1000-400 μm. The 3-dB bandwidth is 7.7 GHz and a linewidth enhancement factor (α) of 0.9 is estimated from the sideband-to-carrier ratio of the spectra. A 5-Gb/s NRZ (1,0) pattern is transmitted through 73-km conventional fiber with a dispersion of 1467 ps/nm, and no error floor was observed. The α value is estimated to be between 0 and 1 from the transmission data, and good agreement with that from the sideband-to-carrier ratio was obtained.
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