We report a method to fabricate silica films with bimodal porosity based on the surfactant-directed self-assembly process followed by post-treatment with reactive ion etching (RIE). By RIE of a surfactant-templated mesoporous silica film with a 3D hexagonal structure, vertically-etched pores with the size of several tens of nanometers and the depth of ca. 60 nm are generated, while the original caged mesopores (ca. 5 nm in size) are still retained in the unetched parts of the film. Pre-treatment of the mesoporous silica film by wet-etching to expose the pores on the surface, followed by sputter deposition of a Pt layer for partial masking, is crucial for the anisotropic etching of the film. Such a combined top-down and bottom up approach offers an opportunity to fabricate silica films with hierarchical pore architectures.
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