A common property of melting point depression in inorganic salt hydrate melt systems

Yasuyuki Watanabe, Izumi Hirasawa

研究成果: Article

抄録

Melt systems of sodium carbonate decahydrate (melting point Tm,0=304.5 K, latent heat of fusion ΔHf,0=153 kJ/kg, both measured) and of a salt hydrate eutectic E(P‒C) (Tm,0=298 K, ΔHf,0=213 kJ/kg, both also measured) consisting of 0.6 mol/mol sodium carbonate decahydrate and 0.4 mol/mol disodium hydrogen phosphate dodecahydrate are attracting attention as potential latent heat storage materials. Changes in the melting point Tm and the latent heat ΔHf were measured for the two melt systems with readily soluble additives. By using simplified empirical formulae, the abilities of melting point depression ame and latent heat reduction bme for each additive were quantified. The numerical values of these abilities were different for each additive, but their ratio bme/ame was almost the same regardless of the kind of additive, showing an eigenvalue of each melt system. In addition, a comparative study was performed of bme/ame values including those of the calcium chloride hexahydrate system (Watanabe, 2017) and the disodium hydrogen phosphate dodecahydrate system (Watanabe and Hirasawa, 2018b). It was found that, independent of the kind of melt system, the relative degree of melting point depression [1−(Tm/Tm,0)] and the relative degree of latent heat reduction [1−(ΔHf/ ΔHf,0)], respectively normalized by Tm,0 and ΔHf,0, showed an almost constant numerical relationship represented by the following expression. 1− (ΔHf/ ΔHf,0)= 21.4 [1 −(Tm / Tm,0)].

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)91-99
ページ数9
ジャーナルKagaku Kogaku Ronbunshu
45
発行部数2
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 2019 1 1

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Latent heat
Hydrates
Melting point
Salts
Carbonates
Phosphates
Sodium
Hydrogen
Calcium Chloride
Calcium chloride
Heat storage
Eutectics
Fusion reactions
sodium carbonate
sodium phosphate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

これを引用

A common property of melting point depression in inorganic salt hydrate melt systems. / Watanabe, Yasuyuki; Hirasawa, Izumi.

:: Kagaku Kogaku Ronbunshu, 巻 45, 番号 2, 01.01.2019, p. 91-99.

研究成果: Article

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abstract = "Melt systems of sodium carbonate decahydrate (melting point Tm,0=304.5 K, latent heat of fusion ΔHf,0=153 kJ/kg, both measured) and of a salt hydrate eutectic E(P‒C) (Tm,0=298 K, ΔHf,0=213 kJ/kg, both also measured) consisting of 0.6 mol/mol sodium carbonate decahydrate and 0.4 mol/mol disodium hydrogen phosphate dodecahydrate are attracting attention as potential latent heat storage materials. Changes in the melting point Tm and the latent heat ΔHf were measured for the two melt systems with readily soluble additives. By using simplified empirical formulae, the abilities of melting point depression ame and latent heat reduction bme for each additive were quantified. The numerical values of these abilities were different for each additive, but their ratio bme/ame was almost the same regardless of the kind of additive, showing an eigenvalue of each melt system. In addition, a comparative study was performed of bme/ame values including those of the calcium chloride hexahydrate system (Watanabe, 2017) and the disodium hydrogen phosphate dodecahydrate system (Watanabe and Hirasawa, 2018b). It was found that, independent of the kind of melt system, the relative degree of melting point depression [1−(Tm/Tm,0)] and the relative degree of latent heat reduction [1−(ΔHf/ ΔHf,0)], respectively normalized by Tm,0 and ΔHf,0, showed an almost constant numerical relationship represented by the following expression. 1− (ΔHf/ ΔHf,0)= 21.4 [1 −(Tm / Tm,0)].",
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