Let CX be the cone over a space X. Let a space X be first countable at x, then the following are equivalent: (1) X is locally simply connected at x; (2) Π1((X, x) ⩗ (X, x), x) is naturally isomorphic to the free product Π1(X, x)*Π1 (X, x); (3) Π1((CX, x)V(CX, x), x) is trivial. There exists a simply connected, locally simply connected Tychonoff space X with x ∈ X, such that (X, x) ⩗ (X, x) is not simply connected.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Mathematics