The rapid growth of data in large databases, such as text databases and scientific databases, requires efficient computer methods for automating analyses of the data with the goal of acquiring knowledges or making discoveries. Because the analyses of data are generally so expensive, most parts in databases remains as raw, unanalyzed primary data. Technology from machine learning (ML) will offer efficient tools for the intelligent analyses of the data using generalization ability. Generalization is an important ability specific to inductive learning that will predict unseen data with high accuracy based on learned concepts from training examples. In this article, we apply ML to text-database analyses and knowledge acquisitions from text databases. We propose a completely new approach to the problem of text classification and extracting keywords by using ML techniques. We introduce a class of representations for classifying text data based on decision trees; (i.e., decision trees over attributes on strings) and present an algorithm for learning them inductively. Our algorithm has the following features: It does not need any natural language processing technique and it is robust for noisy data. We show that our learning algorithm can be used for automatic extraction of keywords for text retrieval and automatic text categorization. We also demonstrate some experimental results using our algorithm on the problem of classifying bibliographic data and extracting keywords in order to show the effectiveness of our approach.
|ジャーナル||Plastics, Rubber and Composites Processing and Applications|
|出版物ステータス||Published - 1996|
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