# A new formulation using the Schur complement for the numerical existence proof of solutions to elliptic problems: without direct estimation for an inverse of the linearized operator

Kouta Sekine*, Mitsuhiro T. Nakao, Shin’ichi Oishi

*この研究の対応する著者

2 被引用数 (Scopus)

## 抄録

Infinite-dimensional Newton methods can be effectively used to derive numerical proofs of the existence of solutions to partial differential equations (PDEs). In computer-assisted proofs of PDEs, the original problem is transformed into the infinite-dimensional Newton-type fixed point equation w= - L- 1F(u^) + L- 1G(w) , where L is a linearized operator, F(u^) is a residual, and G(w) is a nonlinear term. Therefore, the estimations of ‖ L- 1F(u^) ‖ and ‖ L- 1G(w) ‖ play major roles in the verification procedures. In this paper, using a similar concept to block Gaussian elimination and its corresponding ‘Schur complement’ for matrix problems, we represent the inverse operator L- 1 as an infinite-dimensional operator matrix that can be decomposed into two parts: finite-dimensional and infinite-dimensional. This operator matrix yields a new effective realization of the infinite-dimensional Newton method, which enables a more efficient verification procedure compared with existing Nakao’s methods for the solution of elliptic PDEs. We present some numerical examples that confirm the usefulness of the proposed method. Related results obtained from the representation of the operator matrix as L- 1 are presented in the “Appendix”.

本文言語 English 907-926 20 Numerische Mathematik 146 4 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00211-020-01155-7 Published - 2020 12

• 計算数学
• 応用数学

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