The structural performance of steel fiber-reinforced concrete (SFRC) members primarily depends on the distribution and orientation of the fibers. Previous experimental studies revealed that the distribution and orientation of fibers are random and hardly controlled during the fabrication process. The centrifugal forming technique may improve the orientation and distribution of steel fibers in hollow circular SFRC piles and increase the shear strength of the piles. Accomplishing this task can lead to the possible replacement of shear reinforcements with steel fibers in piles, thereby improving the demanding productivity that is desired in the pile construction industry by saving considerable time and labor. This paper presents a novel experimental program to (a) develop the casting procedure for SFRC piles and (b) investigate the shear strength of SFRC piles without shear reinforcement compared to that of conventional reinforced concrete (RC) piles with shear reinforcement. With the aid of X-ray technology, different mix proportions and casting methods were investigated to determine the optimum procedure, which produced fiber distributions and orientations in SFRC piles superior to those of RC piles. The centrifugal forming method influenced the orientation of the fibers so that they were oriented in the shear stress direction (i.e., circumferential direction). The loading test demonstrated that the steel fibers effectively worked as shear reinforcement and that the shear capacity increased with the steel fiber content. Moreover, the SFRC piles exhibited stable crack propagation and improved post-cracking stiffness without severe concrete damage compared to that of the RC piles.
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