Energy efficient object detection and image transmission are one of the key issues in wireless multimedia sensor networks (WMSN). Recent approaches in the WMSN propose in-node object detection and tracking algorithms. However, a little effort has been made to effectively detect object presence and absence in images in the WMSN. Since object detection has a direct relation with image transmission, therefore effective object detection algorithm would provide a reduction in the false transmission of image information. In this paper, a novel object presence model and an image transmission scheme are proposed for the WMSN. This scheme uses the transmission of image segments rather than a complete image. It guarantees in-node energy conservation and minimal image content transmission to the sink node. The proposed scheme is evaluated based on in-node energy consumption and reconstructed image peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR). Simulation results show that the proposed approach saves 95% of the node energy with the received image PSNR of 46 dB as compared with other state-of-the-art approaches.
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