The purpose of this paper is to develop a unified a posteriori method for verifying the positivity of solutions of elliptic boundary value problems by assuming neither H2-regularity nor L∞-error estimation, but only H01-error estimation. In (J Comput Appl Math 370:112647, 2020), we proposed two approaches to verify the positivity of solutions of several semilinear elliptic boundary value problems. However, some cases require L∞-error estimation and, therefore, narrow applicability. In this paper, we extend one of the approaches and combine it with a priori error bounds for Laplacian eigenvalues to obtain a unified method that has wide application. We describe how to evaluate some constants required to verify the positivity of desired solutions. We apply our method to several problems, including those to which the previous method is not applicable.
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