We consider the facility layout problem (FLP) in which we find the arrangements of departments with the smallest material handling cost that can be expressed as the product of distance times flows between departments. It is known that FLP can be formulated as a linear programming problem if the relative positioning of departments is specified, and, thus, can be solved to optimality. In this paper, we describe a custom interior-point algorithm for solving FLP with relative positioning constraints (FLPRC) that is much faster than the standard methods used in the general-purpose solver. We build a compact formation of FLPRC and its duals, which enables us to establish the optimal condition very quickly. We use this optimality condition to implement the primal-dual interior-point method with an efficient Newton step computation that exploit special structure of a Hessian. We confirm effectiveness of our proposed model through applications to several well-known benchmark data sets. Our algorithm shows much faster speed for finding the optimal solution.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Theoretical Computer Science
- Numerical Analysis
- Computational Theory and Mathematics
- Computational Mathematics