A numerical model for 3D thermohydrodynamic analysis of bump-type foil bearings with a sparse mesh across the air film is described. The model accounts for heat convection into cooling air, thermal expansion of the bearing components, and material property variations due to temperature rise. Deflection of the compliant foil strip, described as a link-spring structure, is coupled to the solution of the generalized Reynolds equation and the energy equation to account for the effect of foil deformation on the film thickness. The variation in bump stiffness with the thermal growth of bumps is also considered in the model. The unique airflow in foil bearings created by the top foil detachment in the subambient region is analyzed for use in modifying the thermal boundary condition. The Lobatto point quadrature algorithm is used to represent the model on a sparse mesh and thereby reduce the computational effort. The calculated bearing temperatures are in remarkable agreement with both the published test data with the use of cooling air and that without the use of cooling air. The change of bearing radial clearance due to thermal growth of the bearing components was found to significantly affect the bearing load and to be a likely cause of the obvious drop in load capacity with a rise in ambient temperature.
ASJC Scopus subject areas