A two-step etching route to ultrathin carbon nanosheets for high performance electrical double layer capacitors

Bing Ding, Jie Wang, Ya Wang, Zhi Chang, Gang Pang, Hui Dou*, Xiaogang Zhang

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

42 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Two-dimensional (2D) carbon materials have attracted intense research interest for electrical double layer capacitors (EDLCs) due to their high aspect ratio and large surface area. Herein, we propose an exfoliation-chlorination route for preparing ultrathin carbon nanosheets by using ternary layered carbide Ti3AlC2 as the precursor. Due to the large intersheet space of exfoliated layered carbide (MXene), the as-prepared carbon nanosheets exhibit a thickness of 3-4 nm and a large specific surface area of 1766 m2 g-1 with hierarchical porosity. These features significantly improve the ion-accessible surface area for charge storage and shorten the ion transport length in the thin dimension. As a result, the carbon nanosheets show a high specific capacitance (220 F g-1 at 0.5 A g-1), remarkable high power capability (79% capacitance retention at 20 A g-1) when measured in a symmetrical two-electrode configuration in an aqueous electrolyte. The method described in this work provides a new route to prepare 2D electrode materials from a bulk precursor, thus exploiting their full potential for EDLCs.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)11136-11142
ページ数7
ジャーナルNanoscale
8
21
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2016 6月 7
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 材料科学(全般)

フィンガープリント

「A two-step etching route to ultrathin carbon nanosheets for high performance electrical double layer capacitors」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。

引用スタイル