In order to investigate the relationship between GABAA and GABAB receptors in the induction of lordosis behavior, agonists of these receptor subtypes were injected simultaneously to estrogen-treated ovariectomized rats and lordosis behavior was observed before and after the injections. The GABAA receptor agonist, muscimol (MUS), at a dose in the range from 1.0 to 1.4 mg/kg body weight (bw) or the GABAB receptor agonist, baclofen (BAC) at a dose in the range from 1 to 10 mg/kg bw, was injected intraperitoneally. The lordosis quotient (LQ) decreased after treatments with MUS or BAC and a dose-dependent decrease of LQ was observed in MUS or BAC-treated rats. When 1.2 mg/kg bw MUS and 5 mg/kg bw BAC were injected simultaneously, the mean LQ decreased strongly and was significantly lower than the values obtained after single injections of the agonists at these doses (P < 0.05). In addition, to ascertain the time-course of changes, a behavioral test was carried out 7 times from 15 to 180 min after the injection of agonists. The low LQ in the rats injected with both MUS and BAC continued longer than in rats given single injections. These results indicate that both GABAA and GABAB receptors are involved in lordosis-inhibiting mechanisms by the GABA neuron and operate independently.
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