Although better diet quality is inversely related to the risk of geriatric disorders, the association of adherence to dietary guidelines with oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) is unclear. We aimed to investigate this association in older Japanese adults. This cross-sectional study included 7,984 Japanese participants aged ≥65 years from the population-based Kyoto-Kameoka study. Dietary intake was estimated using a validated self-administered food frequency questionnaire. The scores for adherence to the Japanese Food Guide Spinning Top (range: 0 [worst] to 80 [best]) were calculated. These scores were stratified into quartiles (Qs). Poor OHRQoL was defined as a score ≤ 50 using a 12-item Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index. The odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using multivariable logistic regression and the spline model. Higher adherence score was associated with a lower prevalence of poor OHRQoL (Q1-Q4: 36.0%, 32.1%, 27.9%, and 25.1%, respectively). An inverse association was found between the score for adherence to the food-based Japanese dietary guidelines and the ORs of poor OHRQoL among all the participants (Q1: reference; Q2: OR, 0.87 [95% CI: 0.75-1.00]; Q3: OR, 0.77 [95% CI: 0.66-0.90]; Q4: OR, 0.72 [95% CI: 0.62-0.85]; p for trend < 0.001). These relationships were similar to the results in the spline model. Higher adherence to the food-based Japanese dietary guidelines is inversely associated with the prevalence of poor OHRQoL in older adults. Our results may provide useful insights to improve and maintain oral health.
ASJC Scopus subject areas