Refractory high-entropy alloys (RHEAs) are widely studied because of their promising potential for ultrahigh-temperature applications. One key challenge towards the development of RHEAs as high-temperature structural materials is to concurrently achieve optimum oxidation resistance and mechanical properties. Here in this work, the effect of alloying on the oxidation behavior of ductile RHEAs was studied. Specifically, a ductile RHEA, Al0.5Cr0.25Nb0.5Ta0.5Ti1.5, was alloyed with Al and Zr aiming to improve its oxidation resistance. The two modified RHEAs, Al0.75Cr0.25Nb0.5Ta0.5Ti1.5 and Al0.5Cr0.25Nb0.5Ta0.5Ti1.5Zr0.01, indeed show enhanced oxidation resistance at 800 °C and 1,100 °C, compared with Al0.5Cr0.25Nb0.5Ta0.5Ti1.5. In addition, all three RHEAs studied here show an excellent oxidation resistance at 800 °C compared with other RHEAs, although there is still a large space to further improve their performance at 1,100 °C. Internal oxidation and even nitridation are still present after oxidation exposure, indicating further efforts are required to form protective oxide scales on the surface of ductile RHEAs. Nevertheless, the work is expected to shed some light on future directions of improving the oxidation of ductile RHEAs, via the alloying route.
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