Ambiguity and Synonymy Effects in Lexical Decision, Naming, and Semantic Categorization Tasks: Interactions between Orthography, Phonology, and Semantics

Yasushi Hino*, Stephen J. Lupker, Penny M. Pexman

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

102 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

In this article, ambiguity and synonymy effects were examined in lexical decision, naming, and semantic categorization tasks. Whereas the typical ambiguity advantage was observed in lexical decision and naming, an ambiguity disadvantage was observed in semantic categorization. In addition, a synonymy effect (slower latencies for words with many synonyms than for words with few synonyms) was observed in lexical decision and naming but not in semantic categorization. These results suggest that (a) an ambiguity disadvantage arises only when a task requires semantic processing, (b) the ambiguity advantage and the synonymy disadvantage in lexical decision and naming are due to semantic feedback, and (c) these effects are determined by the nature of the feedback relationships from semantics to orthography and phonology.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)686-713
ページ数28
ジャーナルJournal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition
28
4
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2002 7
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 言語および言語学
  • 実験心理学および認知心理学
  • 言語学および言語

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