Polyguanylic acid (poly(G)) was synthesized from GDP in a yield of 60-75% by Thermus thermophilus polynucleotide phosphorylase (polyribonucleotide: orthophosphate nucleotidyltransferase, EC 188.8.131.52) at 70°C, pH 8.5 in the presence of Mg2+. The yield was dependent on the ratio of GDP to Mg2+, but was independent of the concentrations of enzyme or substrate. The maximal rate of GDP polymerization was obtained when the ratio of GDP to Mg2+ was 3 : 1. However, by prolonged incubation, the higher initial ratio of over 4 : 1 was preferred because of the rapid consumption of GDP in the reaction mixture. Poly(G) prepared by 1 h incubation was heterogeneous in size from 5 S to over 23 S, but by prolonged incubation of 19 h the size of product converged to 9 S as judged by sucrose density gradient centrifugation. Its chain length was determined by terminal nucleoside analysis to be 200 nucleotides long.
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