To reduce CO2emissions in transport sector, it is a hopeful way to replace gasoline vehicles (GV) by electric vehicles (EV) and fuel cell vehicles (FCV). However, the reduction is largely affected by CO2emission intensity of power system and the way to make hydrogen. Authors simulate a power system in 2030 where a large amount of PV is implemented and 16% of PV generated energy must be curtailed. The annual cost is minimized by optimizing the hourly output of coal fired and LNGCC plants, when the 16% of passenger GV mileage is replaced by EV charged at midnight and/or daytime. In FCV case, the capacity of water electrolysis and hydrogen tank, and the hourly electrolysis output as well as thermal power output are optimized. Results show CO2emissions decrease particularly when EVs are charged at daytime using a part of surplus PV energy and the charging power is controlled to contribute frequency stability. The electrolysis demand decreases the PV energy curtailment but increases the CO2emission because of the lower energy converting efficiency and higher facility cost. Constraint conditions of the minimum ratio of non-synchronous generation and frequency control ability affect the results too.
|出版ステータス||Published - 2020|
|イベント||33rd International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems, ECOS 2020 - Osaka, Japan|
継続期間: 2020 6 29 → 2020 7 3
|Conference||33rd International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems, ECOS 2020|
|Period||20/6/29 → 20/7/3|
ASJC Scopus subject areas