This paper presents the results of analysis into the adverse effects on vehicle performance caused by the deterioration in capacity and increase in resistance of lithium-ion batteries installed in hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). Detailed evaluations were conducted based on simulations to determine the adverse effects on HEV performance. It was concluded that the battery resistance at which the CO<inf>2</inf> emissions rate and the Fuel Consumption reaches 120% of the level of a new vehicle is approximately 350% of the initial battery resistance value.
|ジャーナル||World Electric Vehicle Journal|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2012|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Automotive Engineering