Analysis of conductive olfactory dysfunction using computational fluid dynamics

Youji Asama, Akiko Furutani*, Masato Fujioka, Hiroyuki Ozawa, Satoshi Takei, Shigenobu Shibata, Kaoru Ogawa

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

Conductive olfactory dysfunction (COD) is caused by an obstruction in the nasal cavity and is characterized by changeable olfaction. COD can occur even when the olfactory cleft is anatomically normal, and therefore, the cause in these cases remains unclear. Herein, we used computational fluid dynamics to examine olfactory cleft airflow with a retrospective cohort study utilizing the cone beam computed tomography scan data of COD patients. By measuring nasal–nasopharynx pressure at maximum flow, we established a cut-off value at which nasal breathing can be differentiated from combined mouth breathing in COD patients. We found that increased nasal resistance led to mouth breathing and that the velocity and flow rate in the olfactory cleft at maximum flow were significantly reduced in COD patients with nasal breathing only compared to healthy olfactory subjects. In addition, we performed a detailed analysis of common morphological abnormalities associated with concha bullosa. Our study provides novel insights into the causes of COD, and therefore, it has important implications for surgical planning of COD, sleep apnea research, assessment of adenoid hyperplasia in children, and sports respiratory physiology.

本文言語English
論文番号e0262579
ジャーナルPloS one
17
1 January
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2022 1月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 一般

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