We analyze an ultracold fermionic atom system in a three-dimensional optical lattice with a confinement harmonic potential, using the Hubbard model and a time-dependent Gutzwiller variational approach to numerical calculation. Our study is focused on the time evolution of particle transfer when the lattice potential is modulated by adding a periodic one. The choice of parameters, such as the modulation frequency, modulation amplitude, and number of particles, affects particle transfer. We calculate the time evolution of the variance in the particle distribution and show its dependences on the parameters. Lattice modulation is found to effectively control particle transfer, and is a useful method in experiments on fermionic atom systems.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)