Removal of 10 mg/dm3 of As(V) by resin-supported Fe(III) was investigated in batch and column studies. The best As(V) removal was achieved at pH 3, and a high sorption density of 0.40 mmol-As/mmol-Fe was obtained after 96 h in a batch study. This sorption density could not be explained only by As(V) surface complexation with ferrihydrite. X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) analysis at the As K-edge suggested that over 90% of the As(V) was removed by surface precipitation as poorly crystalline ferric arsenate and the remainder was removed by surface complexation with ferrihydrite. XANES analysis at Fe K-edge suggested that 14%–35% of Fe(III) in the resin was used in the ferrihydrite and ferric arsenate. Kinetic modeling of the precipitation of ferrihydrite and ferric arsenate combined with a surface complexation model for As(V) and ferrihydrite successfully reproduced the batch experiment results. The kinetic constant for precipitation of ferrihydrite and ferric arsenate obtained by fitting of the batch experiment results successfully reproduced the column experiment results. The ratio of surface precipitation of ferric arsenate and As(V) surface complexation with ferrihydrite obtained by the constructed model was the same as in the XANES results. In the column study, a slow flow was advantageous for As(V) removal because surface precipitation of ferric arsenate took a long time.
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