Ascriptive Characteristics and Perceptions of Impropriety in the Rule of Law: Race, Gender, and Public Assessments of Whether Judges Can Be Impartial

Yoshikuni Ono, Michael A. Zilis*

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

Perceptions of procedural fairness influence the legitimacy of the law and because procedures are mutable, reforming them can buttress support for the rule of law. Yet legal authorities have recently faced a distinct challenge: accusations of impropriety based on their ascriptive characteristics (e.g., gender, ethnicity). We study the effect of these traits in the context of the U.S. legal system, focusing on the conditions under which citizens perceive female and minority judges as exhibiting impropriety and how this compares with perceptions of their white and male counterparts. We find that Americans use a judge's race and gender to make inferences about which groups the judge favors, whether she is inherently biased, and whether she should recuse. Notably, we find drastically different evaluations of female and Hispanic judges among the political right and left.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)43-58
ページ数16
ジャーナルAmerican Journal of Political Science
66
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2022 1月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 社会学および政治科学
  • 政治学と国際関係論

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