Assigning Credit to Organizational Leaders: How Japanese and Americans Differ

Yuriko Zemba, Maia J. Young

    研究成果: Article

    抄録

    Prior research has shown that Japanese blame organizational leaders more harshly than Americans: Americans blame organizational leaders based on the behavior of individual leaders, whereas Japanese blame leaders based both on the behavior of individual leaders and that of the organization. This finding can be explained by a cultural difference in cognitive orientation to focus on the causal influence of groups but also by a cultural difference in value to subordinate individual goals to group goals. By asking Japanese and American respondents to make credit judgments for positive organizational incidents, the current work tests these two rival explanations. Results support the view that group-based crediting occurs because of perceivers' cognitive orientation to perceive group causality. Implications of this cultural difference and the judgmental processes are discussed.

    元の言語English
    ページ(範囲)899-914
    ページ数16
    ジャーナルJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
    43
    発行部数6
    DOI
    出版物ステータスPublished - 2012 8

    Fingerprint

    Asian Americans
    Orientation
    credit
    leader
    cognitive orientation
    cultural difference
    Causality
    Organizations
    Group
    Research
    causality
    incident
    organization
    Values
    Surveys and Questionnaires

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Social Psychology
    • Cultural Studies
    • Anthropology

    これを引用

    Assigning Credit to Organizational Leaders : How Japanese and Americans Differ. / Zemba, Yuriko; Young, Maia J.

    :: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 巻 43, 番号 6, 08.2012, p. 899-914.

    研究成果: Article

    @article{37b5c6b6ef494ec48ffdb4eb9bfc3e0c,
    title = "Assigning Credit to Organizational Leaders: How Japanese and Americans Differ",
    abstract = "Prior research has shown that Japanese blame organizational leaders more harshly than Americans: Americans blame organizational leaders based on the behavior of individual leaders, whereas Japanese blame leaders based both on the behavior of individual leaders and that of the organization. This finding can be explained by a cultural difference in cognitive orientation to focus on the causal influence of groups but also by a cultural difference in value to subordinate individual goals to group goals. By asking Japanese and American respondents to make credit judgments for positive organizational incidents, the current work tests these two rival explanations. Results support the view that group-based crediting occurs because of perceivers' cognitive orientation to perceive group causality. Implications of this cultural difference and the judgmental processes are discussed.",
    keywords = "credit assignment, cultural difference, responsibility attribution",
    author = "Yuriko Zemba and Young, {Maia J.}",
    year = "2012",
    month = "8",
    doi = "10.1177/0022022111413275",
    language = "English",
    volume = "43",
    pages = "899--914",
    journal = "Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology",
    issn = "0022-0221",
    publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
    number = "6",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Assigning Credit to Organizational Leaders

    T2 - How Japanese and Americans Differ

    AU - Zemba, Yuriko

    AU - Young, Maia J.

    PY - 2012/8

    Y1 - 2012/8

    N2 - Prior research has shown that Japanese blame organizational leaders more harshly than Americans: Americans blame organizational leaders based on the behavior of individual leaders, whereas Japanese blame leaders based both on the behavior of individual leaders and that of the organization. This finding can be explained by a cultural difference in cognitive orientation to focus on the causal influence of groups but also by a cultural difference in value to subordinate individual goals to group goals. By asking Japanese and American respondents to make credit judgments for positive organizational incidents, the current work tests these two rival explanations. Results support the view that group-based crediting occurs because of perceivers' cognitive orientation to perceive group causality. Implications of this cultural difference and the judgmental processes are discussed.

    AB - Prior research has shown that Japanese blame organizational leaders more harshly than Americans: Americans blame organizational leaders based on the behavior of individual leaders, whereas Japanese blame leaders based both on the behavior of individual leaders and that of the organization. This finding can be explained by a cultural difference in cognitive orientation to focus on the causal influence of groups but also by a cultural difference in value to subordinate individual goals to group goals. By asking Japanese and American respondents to make credit judgments for positive organizational incidents, the current work tests these two rival explanations. Results support the view that group-based crediting occurs because of perceivers' cognitive orientation to perceive group causality. Implications of this cultural difference and the judgmental processes are discussed.

    KW - credit assignment

    KW - cultural difference

    KW - responsibility attribution

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84863516710&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84863516710&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1177/0022022111413275

    DO - 10.1177/0022022111413275

    M3 - Article

    AN - SCOPUS:84863516710

    VL - 43

    SP - 899

    EP - 914

    JO - Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology

    JF - Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology

    SN - 0022-0221

    IS - 6

    ER -