Since participants at both end of the communication channel must share common pictogram interpretation to communicate, the pictogram selection task must consider both participants' pictogram interpretations. Pictogram interpretation, however, can be ambiguous. To assist the selection of pictograms more likely to be interpreted as intended, we propose a categorical semantic relevance measure which calculates how relevant a pictogram is to a given interpretation in terms of a given category. The proposed measure defines similarity measurement and probability of interpretation words using pictogram interpretations and frequencies gathered from a web survey. Moreover, the proposed measure is applied to categorized pictogram interpretations to enhance pictogram retrieval performance. Five pictogram categories used for categorizing pictogram interpretations are defined based on the five first-level classifications defined in the Concept Dictionary of the EDR Electronic Dictionary. Retrieval performances among not-categorized interpretations, categorized interpretations, and categorized and weighted interpretations using semantic relevance measure were compared, and the categorized semantic relevance approaches showed more stable performances than the not-categorized approach.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Hardware and Architecture
- Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Artificial Intelligence