Associations of built environment attributes with bicycle use for transport

MohammadJavad Koohsari, Rachel Cole, Koichiro Oka, Ai Shibata, Akitomo Yasunaga, Tomoya Hanibuchi, Neville Owen, Takemi Sugiyama

研究成果: Article

抄録

An increasing number of studies have examined neighbourhood built environment attributes associated with cycling. Some of them suggest non-linear relationships between built environment attributes and cycling. This study examined the strength and shape of associations of cycling for transport with objectively measured built environment attributes. Data were from 9146 Australian adults who took part in the 2009 South-East Queensland Travel Survey. Participants (aged 18–64 years) completed a 24-hour travel survey, in which they reported modes of travel. Residential density, Walk Score and a Space Syntax measure of street integration were calculated at a neighbourhood level using geographic information systems. Multilevel logistic regression analyses examined associations of bicycle use with each built environment attribute, which was modelled continuously and categorically. All continuous measures of the built environment attributes were associated with bicycle use. Each one-decile increment in residential density, Walk Score, and street integration was associated with 13%, 16%, and 10% higher odds of bicycle use, respectively. However, the associations appeared to be non-linear, with significant odds ratios observed only for the higher categories of each built environment attribute relative to the middle category. This study found that adults living in high-density neighbourhoods with more destinations nearby and well-connected streets were more likely to cycle for transport. However, medium-level density, access to destinations and street connectivity may not be enough to facilitate bicycle use. Further studies are needed to investigate urban design threshold values above which cycling can be promoted.

元の言語English
ジャーナルEnvironment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 2019 1 1

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Bicycles
bicycle
residential density
travel
Geographic information systems
Logistics
urban design
syntax
built environment
attribute
connectivity
logistics
information system
regression

Keywords

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Geography, Planning and Development
    • Architecture
    • Urban Studies
    • Nature and Landscape Conservation
    • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

    これを引用

    Associations of built environment attributes with bicycle use for transport. / Koohsari, MohammadJavad; Cole, Rachel; Oka, Koichiro; Shibata, Ai; Yasunaga, Akitomo; Hanibuchi, Tomoya; Owen, Neville; Sugiyama, Takemi.

    :: Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science, 01.01.2019.

    研究成果: Article

    Koohsari, MohammadJavad ; Cole, Rachel ; Oka, Koichiro ; Shibata, Ai ; Yasunaga, Akitomo ; Hanibuchi, Tomoya ; Owen, Neville ; Sugiyama, Takemi. / Associations of built environment attributes with bicycle use for transport. :: Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science. 2019.
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