Audiovisual english /r/−/l/ identification training for japanese-speaking adults and children

Yasuaki Shinohara*

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

Purpose: This study tested the hypothesis that audiovisual training benefits children more than it does adults and that it improves Japanese-speaking children’s English /r/−/l/ perception to a native-like level. Method: Ten sessions of audiovisual English /r/−/l/ identification training were conducted for Japanese-speaking adults and children. Assessments were made of age effects on the increase in identification accuracy in three testing conditions (audiovisual, visual only, and audio only) and auditory discrimination of the primary acoustic cue (F3 frequency). Results: The results showed that both adults and children increased their identification accuracy in the audiovisual condition more than in the single-modality conditions (visual only and audio only). Their improvement in the visual-only condition was larger than that in the audio-only condition. Japanese-speaking adults and children improved their primary acoustic cue (F3) sensitivity to a similar extent. In addition, their identification improvement in the audiovisual condition was positively correlated with those in the audio-only and visual-only conditions. The improvement in the audio-only condition was also positively correlated with that in the visual-only condition and with primary acoustic cue sensitivity. Conclusion: It was unclear whether children had an advantage over adults in improving their identification accuracy, but both age groups improved their auditory and visual perception of the English /r/−/l/ contrast and showed additive effects in the multisensory (i.e., audiovisual) condition.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)2529-2538
ページ数10
ジャーナルJournal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
64
7
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2021 7

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 言語および言語学
  • 言語学および言語
  • 言語聴覚療法

フィンガープリント

「Audiovisual english /r/−/l/ identification training for japanese-speaking adults and children」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。

引用スタイル