Augmentation of axial dispersion by intermittent oscillatory flow

G. Tanaka*, Y. Ueda, K. Tanishita

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

9 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The efficiency of axial gas dispersion during ventilation with high- frequency oscillation (HFO) is improved by manipulating the oscillatory flow waveform such that intermittent oscillatory flow occurs. We therefore measured the velocity profiles and effective axial gas diffusivity during intermittent oscillatory flow in a straight tube to verify the intermittency augmentation effect on axial gas transfer. The effective diffusivity was dependent on the flow patterns and significantly increased with an increase in the duration of the stationary phase. It was also found that the ratio of effective diffusivity to molecular diffusivity is two times greater than that in sinusoidal oscillatory flow. Moreover, turbulence during deceleration or at the beginning of the stationary phase further augments axial dispersion, with the effective diffusivity being over three times as large, thereby proving that the use of intermittent oscillatory flow effectively augments axial dispersion for ventilation with HFO.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)405-415
ページ数11
ジャーナルJournal of Biomechanical Engineering
120
3
出版ステータスPublished - 1998 6
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生体医工学
  • 生物理学

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