Physics of autonomous refresh is presented, which explains the mechanism of a spontaneous recovery of degraded binary states of the floating-body cell (FBC). Input current to the floating body and output current from the body balance to generate an unstable stationary state that is accompanied by two stable stationary ones. The current anomaly of impact ionization is essential for the instability that brings about the bistability and is realized by positive feedback where impact ionization current input increases as the body voltage increases. Experiments with charge pumping current as output show that the autonomous refresh is possible on a single-cell basis. Necessary conditions for a high-density memory to be autonomously refreshed are derived and assessed for state-of-the-art FBCs. FBC is shown in simulation to become an SRAM cell when the autonomous refresh is applied, which uses gate direct tunneling current as output. This is an SRAM cell that is theoretically expected to have the simplest structure ever reported.
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