Oxygen-evolving photosystem II (PSII) particles were purified from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii having His-tag extension at the C terminus of the CP47 protein, by a single-step Ni2+-affinity column chromatography after solubilization of thylakoid membranes with sucrose monolaurate. The PSII particles consisted of, in addition to intrinsic proteins, three extrinsic proteins of 33, 23 and 17 kDa. The preparation showed a high oxygen-evolving activity of 2,300-2,500 μmol O2 (mg Chl)-1 h-1 in the presence of Ca2+ using ferricyanide as the electron acceptor, while its activity was 680-720 μmol O2 (mg Chl)-1 h-1 in the absence of Ca2+ and Cl- ions. The activity was 710-820 μmol O2 (mg Chl)-1 h-1 independent of the presence or absence of Ca2+ and Cl- when 2,6-dichloro-p-benzoquinone was used as the acceptor. These activities were scarcely inhibited by DCMU. The kinetics of flash-induced fluorescence decay revealed that the electron transfer from QA- to QB was significantly inhibited, and the electron transfer from QA- to ferricyanide was largely stimulated in the presence of Ca2+. These results indicate that the acceptor side, QB site, was altered in the PSII particles but its donor side remained intact. Release-reconstitution experiments revealed that the extrinsic 23 and 17 kDa proteins were released only partially by NaCl-wash, while most of the three extrinsic proteins were removed when treated with urea/NaCl, alkaline Tris or CaCl2. The 23 and 17 kDa proteins directly bound to PSII independent of the other extrinsic proteins, and the 33 kDa protein functionally re-bound to CaCl2-treated PSII which had been reconstituted with the 23 and 17 kDa proteins. These binding properties were largely different from those of the extrinsic proteins in higher plant PSII, and suggest that each of the three extrinsic proteins has their own binding sites independent of the others in the green algal PSII.
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