Blind compensation of interchannel sampling frequency mismatch for ad hoc microphone array based on maximum likelihood estimation

Shigeki Miyabe*, Nobutaka Ono, Shoji Makino

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

38 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

In this paper, we propose a novel method for the blind compensation of drift for the asynchronous recording of an ad hoc microphone array. Digital signals simultaneously observed by different recording devices have drift of the time differences between the observation channels because of the sampling frequency mismatch among the devices. On the basis of a model in which the time difference is constant within each short time frame but varies in proportion to the central time of the frame, the effect of the sampling frequency mismatch can be compensated in the short-time Fourier transform (STFT) domain by a linear phase shift. By assuming that the sources are motionless and have stationary amplitudes, the observation is regarded as being stationary when drift does not occur. Thus, we formulate a likelihood to evaluate the stationarity in the STFT domain to evaluate the compensation of drift. The maximum likelihood estimation is obtained effectively by a golden section search. Using the estimated parameters, we compensate the drift by STFT analysis with a noninteger frame shift. The effectiveness of the proposed blind drift compensation method is evaluated in an experiment in which artificial drift is generated.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)185-196
ページ数12
ジャーナルSignal Processing
107
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2015 2
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 制御およびシステム工学
  • ソフトウェア
  • 信号処理
  • コンピュータ ビジョンおよびパターン認識
  • 電子工学および電気工学

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