Bone turnover and calcium metabolism during 20 days bed rest in young healthy males and females

Y. Nishimura, H. Fukuoka, M. Kiriyama, Y. Suzuki, K. Oyama, S. Ikawa, M. Higurashi, A. Gunji

研究成果: Article査読

35 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Bone is a dynamic tissue that functions not only as a mechanical support, but also as a major component of the metabolic and endocrine systems maintaining mineral homeostasis. It has been shown that immobilization induces decalcification of bone. To evaluate the effect of immobilization on bone mineral density and calcium metabolism, we investigated 9 young healthy males and females during 20 days bed rest. Three methods for measuring bone mineral density were performed to quantify whole body and regional bone changes: 1) dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, 2) quantitative computed tomography, and 3) multiple scanning X-ray photodensitometry, respectively. Bone mineral density showed a rapid decreasing tendency, especially in both lumbar and metacarpal bones (mean±SE: 4.6±0.6% and 3.6±0.4%, respectively). Urinary daily excretion of deoxypyridinoline, a sensitive marker of bone matrix resorption, tended to increase by day 10, and to decline by day 20 (mean±SE: 42.2±1.4, 27.6±2.2 nmol day-1, respectively). However, neither alkaline phosphatase nor tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase, both markers of osteoclast and mature osteoblast function, changed. These results showed that in the early stage of immobilization, bone matrix might be resorbed without any activation of osteoclasts, resulting in rapid decalcification of vertebral and cortical bones without any discernible changes in anatomical structure.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)27-35
ページ数9
ジャーナルActa Physiologica Scandinavica, Supplement
150
616
出版ステータスPublished - 1994
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生理学

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