Calorie restriction initiated at a young age activates the Akt/PKCζ/λ-Glut4 pathway in rat white adipose tissue in an insulin-independent manner

Seongjoon Park, Toshimitsu Komatsu, Hiroko Hayashi, Haruyoshi Yamaza, Takuya Chiba, Yoshikazu Higami, Kazunao Kuramoto, Isao Shimokawa*

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

10 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Calorie restriction (CR) may exert an anti-aging effect through a metabolic adaptation to limited energy intake. The present study investigated the effect of CR on insulin signaling in response to glucose load in the epididymal adipose tissue of male F344 rats at 7 and 22 months of age. Young and middle-aged rats were fed ad libitum (AL) or 30% CR diets for 4 months, underwent glucose tolerance tests and were sacrificed 15 min after an intraperitoneal glucose or saline injection to evaluate glucose-stimulated insulin response and subsequent activation of insulin signaling molecules in the adipose tissue. In the 7- and 22- month AL groups, glucose administration increased serum insulin levels and also increased phosphorylated (p) levels of the insulin receptor (IR), v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog (Akt), protein kinase C (PKC) ζ/λ and the membrane fraction of glucose transporter 4 (mGlut4). In contrast, in the 7-month CR group, p-Akt, p-PKCζ/λ and mGlut4 levels were upregulated without glucose stimulation; the glucose load augmented the p-IR level but there was no additional activation of the downstream molecules. In the 22-month CR group, these unexpected findings were not observed. In summary, basal levels of insulin signaling molecules such as p-Akt, p-PKCζ/λ, and mGlut4 were significantly increased with a low insulin response in the 7-month CR group. The present results suggest the presence of an age-specific insulin-independent mechanism that is induced by CR to regulate energy metabolism in white adipose tissue.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)293-302
ページ数10
ジャーナルAge
30
4
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2008 12
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 加齢科学
  • 老年医学

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