The solution structures in the tetra-n-butylammonium bromide (TBAB) aqueous solution relate closely with the memory effect. In the present study, the behavior derived from the existence of the residual solution structures after TBAB semiclathrate hydrate (TBAB SCH) decomposition was investigated with two methods. One is a high-precision differential scanning calorimetry. The heat capacity of a TBAB aqueous solution with memory effect was slightly larger than that after the memory effect disappeared. The larger heat capacity implies the existence of solution structures. The other is a small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). In the first cooling process, strong scattering derived from rapid crystallization was observed at 263.6 K. In the second cooling process where the TBAB aqueous solution exhibited the memory effect, the scattering intensity gradually increased and became remarkably strong at a temperature (approximately 277 K) higher than 263.6 K. In the second cooling process, the invariant Q, which corresponds to electron density fluctuation, increased gradually until crystallization, whereas, in the first cooling process, the change of the invariant Q was quite small until crystallization. The increase of invariant Q implies the existence of 10–100 nm density fluctuation, which is consistent with the cluster size (10–20 nm) previously observed with electron microscopy in the same system.
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